Musculoskeletal medicine is a medical discipline that deals with pain and disordered function of the muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, nerves and associated tissues.

Mobilisation and Manipulation
Mobilisation and Manipulation

Musculoskeletal practitioners may use mobilisation or manipulation to help with pain and improved range of movement.

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Prolotherapy
Prolotherapy

Prolotherapy is a safe, effective injection treatment which provides increased strength in joints, ligaments and tendons by making new connective tissue.

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Exercises
Exercises

Exercise keeps cartilage, bone, and muscles strong by continually remodeling and building structure.

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Perineural Injection Therapy
Perineural Injection Therapy

In Neural Prolotherapy, the subcutaneous (under the skin) nerves are recognised as a source of pathology.

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a method of pain management used by many musculoskeletal medicine practitioners.

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Trigger Points
Trigger Points

A trigger point is a portion of the muscle that has become a source of pain and spasm.

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Epidural Steroid Injection
Epidural Steroid Injection

Lumbar caudal epidural blocks for low back and leg pain

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Joint injections
Joint injections

Joint injections can be an effective way of treating some disorders of joints and ligaments that are caused by inflammation such as osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis (eg: gout), and shoulder or hip bursitis.

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Neural Therapy
Neural Therapy

Neural therapy is a German technique involving the injection of local anesthetics into scars, based on the theory that scars can produce long-standing pain and malfunction.

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Nerve Blocks
Nerve Blocks

When discs or osteoarthritic facet joints press on a spinal nerve as it emerges from the spine, the nerve is irritated and swells up causing severe pain that is usually felt down the buttock or leg (sciatica).

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Acupuncture

For more detail on acupuncture see the website of the Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association

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